What Is Food Hygiene And Safety

Food safety and hygiene refer to all measures undertaken to prevent food related illness such as food poisoning. This involves proper food handling, preparation and storage mechanisms that promote healthy living.

Food poisoning can be so dangerous that it leads to loss of lives in very severe cases and even mild cases can result in an individual being admitted to the hospital.  Food hygiene and safety the fore must be given greater concern at home and in food business industry.food hygienes

The World Health Organization has strongly come out over the years to campaign and educate individuals worldwide on the importance of food hygiene and safety and the major issues of concerned in this discipline.


Food hygiene and security begins with taking steps with your food to ensure that the consumers are safe from any disease-causing microorganism. Here are some hygiene measures that will make your food suitable for consumption.

Few Food Hygiene Tips Discussed Below-


  • Cleanliness

This is the immediate step to ensuring food hygiene and safety. Proper hygiene is crucial when it comes to food handling and preparation.

Wash any food item or ingredients and rinse thoroughly well with enough water to remove any dirt. Fruits, vegetables, and raw meat or poultry must be washed before cooked.

Wash your hand before handling food and after visiting the toilet and handling pets. This will prevent bacteria from contaminating the food.

Kitchen Dishcloths and sponges should be disinfected with chlorine to kill bacteria.


Kitchen countertops and any surfaces that come into contact with food must regularly be sanitized.


Cutting boards and other utensils should be washed with hot water and soap after preparing each food items separately, without mixing the foods.


  • Heat at right temperatures

Harmful temperatures can only be killed when food is cooked at proper temperatures especially for raw animal products such as whole poultry and ground beef which should be cooked at 165F and 160F respectively.

Cover the food with a hard lid to ensure the heat is well distributed at right temperatures.

Leftovers should also be heated to about 165F before being consumed.

food hygiene and safety

  • Chilling

Keep foods at very low temperatures of 40F and below. This provides an environment where bacteria cannot grow and multiply leaving the foods safe for consumption. The freezer should not be higher than 0F, and these temperatures should often be checked with a thermometer.

Don’t overfill your fridge to allow air to circulate and maintain the cool temperatures.

Foods in the refrigerator such as raw animal products should be properly wrapped to avoid contamination.


  • Separate food items

Cross-contamination should be prevented at all costs. Raw animal foods such as beef contain higher amounts of bacteria, and they should be kept distant from delicious foods and vegetables to avoid contamination.

food hygiene

  • Throw away suspicious food

Food that just doesn’t smell right or doesn’t look appealing should not be consumed but rather disposed. Fresh food can easily be seen with the eye, so any doubts about whether food is safe or not are enough to take right precautions.

Food that is beyond the expiry dates on the labels of the packaging should also be discarded


Food hygiene and safety is a discipline that should be incorporated into the school curriculum worldwide to educate children on food safety tips at home and in food business industries. This will ensure that every individual is responsible for ensuring they live a healthy life.


Food safety should not be a hard task to commit to, for any homeowner. With the right precautions in place, you will live a healthy and long life free of any food illness and possible risk lifestyle diseases brought about by ignoring food safety tips.

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